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Kaizen techniques: a literature review
Today is the world of tough competition; any industries in the world are under a constant dilemma to reduce cost and improve quality. To overcome this dilemma and confusion, company are required to follow some modern techniques like Active Base Costing, Target Costing, life cycle costing, Kaizen costing and many other available techniques. But most popular among this are Kaizen costing. By using the kaizen techniques company can increase their production and improved overall efficiency of the company. This paper discussed on different literature that have been published in the field of Kaizen techniques and present a Review of literature. This review of literature will help to the new researched for their further studies.
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KAIZEN COSTING: SYSTEMATIC LITERATURE REVIEW (2015-2020)
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- Published: 01 February 2017
Revisiting the existing notion of continuous improvement ( Kaizen ): literature review and field research of Toyota from a perspective of innovation
- Shumpei Iwao ORCID: orcid.org/0000-0002-2825-8818 1
Evolutionary and Institutional Economics Review volume 14 , pages 29–59 ( 2017 ) Cite this article
Continuous improvement ( Kaizen ) has been identified as a crucial factor for strengthening firms’ competitiveness in the automotive industry as well as others, and many scholars view it as detailed below. In the existing literature, from a perspective of innovation, Kaizen has often been conceived of as an accumulation of similarly small, mutually independent, incremental process innovations that are conducted by workers, work-teams, and their leaders. However, few empirical case studies examine the relevance of this conventional notion of Kaizen . Do Kaizen activities contribute only to similarly small, incremental process innovations? Does Kaizen only consist of various mutually independent innovations? Is Kaizen always achieved by workers and work-teams rather than by engineers? This paper attempts to observe those continuous improvements conducted in a certain factory for a certain period. Through longitudinal observations, this paper shows via seven case studies that (1) Kaizen consists of a series of innovations with various scales and that these scales could also be estimated by the “scope of coordination” in addition to existing scale indicators, such as the investment amount, and outcomes, such as the cost reduction effect. Additionally, (2) Kaizen sometimes induces small changes in product design and affects organizational activities of production design as a small-scale product innovation. Furthermore, (3) Kaizen activities sometimes influence other Kaizen activities. With regard to these characteristics of Kaizen , this paper implies that (4) Kaizen management needs organizational design. For example, in Toyota’s case, not only work-teams but also product/process design engineers contribute to Kaizen , and shop-floor engineers play a vital role in coordinating between shop-floors and engineering departments on the basis of the “staff-in-line structure” of organizations.
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This article uses the word “ Kaizen ” as an uncountable noun.
Boer and Gertsen ( 2003 ) define continuous innovation as process and product innovation, but they also think of continuous innovations as relatively small and numerous changes.
Koujô-Gijyutsu-In in Japanese.
Evolutionary economics considers that changes of organizational routines occur by chance like distribution of a random variable (Nelson and Winter 1982 ), thus making micro-firm-level analysis difficult.
Their discussion considers it important to divide one routine into two aspects (ostensive and performative). The ostensive aspect describes standard rules or procedures that govern behavior in organizations. The performative aspect indicates the specific and inherently improvisational actions taken by people in organizations. This study does not use this idea.
Womack et al. ( 1990 ) also studies Takaoka.
Following D'Adderio ( 2011 ), an organizational routine change was deemed to have occurred when an explicit operational procedure was altered.
For example, operational improvement, process/production engineering, product/design engineering, etc. could be included in Kaizen projects as innovations.
This is calculated as 12 times 0.5 = 6.
¥100 yen was approximately US$1 in 2015.
It is a kind of Japanese English used in factories. Takt time means the time necessary to assemble one unit.
It is a hinged cover over the engine.
It is also called the “side member”.
Of course, it is a required consideration that weighted scope of coordination is one kind of investment.
From these cases, we can say that Kaizen consists of a variable scale of innovations and we can measure this by the scope of coordination in addition to the investment amount and cost reduction effects.
Of course, it is doubtful that Toyota almost always determines the exact extent of coordination necessary for Kaizen .
The term “line” here means both organizational positions: line and production line.
Mintzberg ( 1980 ) calls an organization resembling staff-in-line “the Divisionalized Form organization” (p. 335). However, staff-in-line is nearer the plant floor than in Mintzberg’s model and is unique in serving two roles.
Interview conducted on February 13, 2014.
The scale of innovations (and variability thereof) is also a function of the scope of innovations because innovative activities in this context are organizational in nature and require coordination.
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Iwao, S. Revisiting the existing notion of continuous improvement ( Kaizen ): literature review and field research of Toyota from a perspective of innovation. Evolut Inst Econ Rev 14 , 29–59 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40844-017-0067-4
Published : 01 February 2017
Issue Date : June 2017
DOI : https://doi.org/10.1007/s40844-017-0067-4
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Kaizen Philosophy: A Review of Literature. Jagdeep Singh* and Harwinder Singh**. * M. Tech Student, Department of Mechanical and Production Engineering
At the beginning of Kaizen study, a lot of researchers from Japan and other countries proposed ... A Literature Review on Kaizen（Huaxing Shang）.
But most popular among this are Kaizen costing. By using the kaizen techniques company can increase their production and improved overall efficiency of the
Int. Journal of Engineering Research and Applications www.ijera.com ... KAIZEN – A case study ... In the literature that mentions kaizen is often.
FIG 1: REVIEW OF LITERATURE RELATED TO KAIZEN CONCEPT. According to Imai (1986), Kaizen is a continuous improvement process involving everyone, managers and.
Kaizen costing focuses on cost reduction based on quality, productivity, and labormanagement relations. Thus, an improvement must be created and implemented
The introduction of the four concepts behind Kaizen (also known as Continuous Improvement), Benchmarking, TQM and Elimination of Wastes
The second part explains the research methodology. In the third part, the results of the literature review for decades are presented, providing
In the existing literature, from a perspective of innovation, Kaizen has often been conceived of as an accumulation of similarly small, mutually
In the existing literature, from a perspective of innovation, Kaizen has often been conceived of as an accumulation of similarly small, mutually independent